Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minorities by Keith C. Ferdinand, Annemarie Armani

By Keith C. Ferdinand, Annemarie Armani

Cardiovascular center affliction mortality in African americans is the top of all significant racial/ethnic subpopulations within the usa. studying race and ethnicity, heart problems in Racial and Ethnic Minorities will show that there are unacceptable healthcare disparities in threat issue incidence, affliction states, and cardiovascular results within the usa. Written by way of a crew of specialists, heart problems in Racial and Ethnic Minorities examines to what measure biomedical and medical literature can make clear the impression of genetic edition as opposed to surroundings as regarding heart problems. Chapters illustrate the importance of cardiovascular and metabolic disparities and the impact of atmosphere on ailments.

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Unique Aspects of Vascular and Cardiac Ultrasound in Racial/Ethnic Groups In conjunction with this excellent review of imaging, Unique Aspects of Vascular and Cardiac Ultrasound in Racial and Ethnic Groups by Robert L. Gillespie, MD, and Icilma V. Fergus, MD, further describe the unique aspects of CVD presentation in subpopulations and the important contribution of cardiac ultrasound in present and evolving understanding. Gillespie and Fergus first elucidate data on the emerging area of diastolic dysfunction (31,32), defined as impaired left ventricular mechanics with a preserved ejection fraction, and the use echocardiography as the most useful tool for examining its presence and effects.

In the United States, several national and state-based surveillance systems provide crucial information on selfreported personal behaviors and lifestyle risks such as tobacco use, alcohol intake, consumption of fruits and vegetables, lack of participation in leisure-time physical activity, acceptance of seasonal influenza vaccination, and measures of overweight and obesity (34–37). In one comprehensive review of the state of disparities in these behavioral and lifestyle risk factors, the prevalence of “no physical activity” was common in all racial and ethnic groups, especially in women with less than high school education (Table 1) (33).

Through this exercise, cardiovascular epidemiology also provides the data for identifying the existence of health disparities. Additionally, the monitoring and surveillance components of cardiovascular epidemiology provide clues to new and emerging cardiovascular threats and permit assessment of the effectiveness of current measures to prevent and control established CVD. Taken together, these properties summarize the fundamental role that epidemiology plays in promoting and protecting cardiovascular health and informing program and policy development for the prevention and control of CVD (2–4).

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Cardiovascular Disease in Racial and Ethnic Minorities by Keith C. Ferdinand, Annemarie Armani
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