By Mirjam Van Het Loo
Offers a assessment of the clinical literature on hashish coverage and its results. The political debate on hashish coverage is frequently extra in keeping with critiques than on proof. notwithstanding, evidence-based wisdom is needed to layout potent hashish coverage. process. A evaluation of the medical literature on hashish coverage and its results used to be carried out, concentrating on 3 matters: (1) the variation among formal coverage and real implementation; (2) the influence of coverage on incidence of hashish use; and (3) the results of hashish coverage for clients and society. effects. (1) neighborhood experts, police departments and nearby courts range in how they enforce hashish coverage, and implementation normally deviates significantly from the formal coverage; (2) The restricted to be had facts favors the speculation that coverage and occurrence of hashish use usually are not strongly hooked up. in spite of the fact that, there's infrequently any literature concentrating on the implications of hashish coverage as carried out; (3) even though in-depth experiences are scarce, hashish coverage turns out to have unfavorable side-effects for hashish arrestees way past the direct effects in their arrest. they've got, for instance, extra problems discovering a task simply because they've got a legal checklist. Conclusions. The evidentiary foundation for hashish coverage is quite slim. The research comprises an schedule for extra learn on hashish coverage. The political debate on hashish coverage is usually extra in accordance with reviews than on facts. in spite of the fact that, evidence-based wisdom is needed to layout potent hashish coverage. A overview of the clinical literature on hashish coverage and its results used to be carried out. The evidentiary foundation for hashish coverage is quite slender. The examine comprises an schedule for extra learn on hashish coverage.
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Extra info for Cannabis Policy, Implementation And Outcomes
Currently, survey designs and instruments used in different countries to measure the prevalence of cannabis use are highly inconsistent. Interviewing techniques, types of questionnaires, question formulation, (age) target groups, geographical focus (urban, suburban or rural), sample sizes, and non-response documentation are not yet harmonised when collecting cross-national prevalence data. Therefore, the comparability of the prevalence rates is questionable at this moment. Several organisations (for example, the Pompidou Group, EMCDDA, and WHO-Europe) encourage harmonisation of data collection, but their guidelines for data collection are not (yet) followed by all EUmember states.
All four state-wide evaluations of decriminalisation measures found modest increases in rates of self-reported use. g. , 1999) provide overviews of prior studies on the effect of cannabis decriminalisation on cannabis participation. Most of these studies used samples of young people whose behaviour may not be representative for the overall population. The majority of the studies on the effect of cannabis decriminalisation found no effect of decriminalisation on 20 21 The citations in this section can be traced back in the referred literature studies.
MacCoun and Reuter (1997) have analysed the impact of the Dutch depenalisation and coffee shop policy since 1976. This study regards the cumulative effect of a range of formal and informal policies in the Netherlands, such as the ‘quasi-formal’ guidelines for coffee shop owners, which were described in Chapter 4. g. arrests or fines) as indicators of decriminalisation. MacCoun and Reuter conclude that Dutch prevalence rates are comparable to those of the US, but somewhat higher than those of its neighbours.
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