Biopolymers : applications and trends by Michael Niaounakis

By Michael Niaounakis

Biopolymers: purposes and traits provides an updated precis of the various industry purposes of biopolymers characterised through biodegradability and sustainability. It contains tables with the industrial names and houses of every biopolymer family members, besides biopolymers for every advertising phase, not just providing the entire significant industry avid gamers, but in addition highlighting developments and new advancements in items.

The ebook incorporates a thorough breakdown of the substantial variety of program components, together with clinical and pharmaceutical, packaging, building, automobile, and lots of extra, giving engineers serious fabrics info in a space which has typically been extra constrained than traditional polymers.

In addition, the booklet makes use of fresh patent info to show the most recent purposes and methods within the sector, hence additional illustrating the speedy velocity of improvement and want for highbrow estate for corporations engaged on new and cutting edge products.

  • Provides an updated precis of the various marketplace purposes of biopolymers characterised via biodegradability and sustainability
  • Includes tables with the industrial names and houses of every biopolymer family members, in addition to biopolymers for every advertising segment
  • Presents a radical breakdown of the immense variety of program components, together with scientific and pharmaceutical, packaging, building, car, and lots of more
  • Uses contemporary patent details to express the most recent purposes and methods within the quarter, hence extra illustrating the quick velocity of improvement and wish for highbrow property

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Extra info for Biopolymers : applications and trends

Sample text

Two amino acid homopolymers comprising a single type of amino acid are known in nature [85]: poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) and ε-poly(l-lysine (ε-PL). Poly(α-amino acids) are mainly used to create high-purity materials needed for biomedical applications. To date, commercial applications of protein polymers, such as poly(d-lysine) and poly(l-lysine), are limited to the use as adhesives/substrates for cell culture. Copolymers of α-amino acids (such as serine) with other biodegradable polymers (such as PLA) are synthesized as drug delivery systems (1998, WO9828357 A1, CONNAUGHT LAB).

20). PES has a Tm of 103–106 °C and good mechanical properties, especially elongation [60,61]. It has a high oxygen gas barrier property, which is one of advantageous properties taking film utility into consideration, and is excellent in biodegradability (2005, EP1564235 A1; 2005, JP2005264155 A, NIPPON CATALYTIC CHEM IND). 20 Poly(ethylene succinate). 2 Poly(butylene succinate) Poly(butylene succinate) (PBS)1 is chemically synthesized through polycondensation of 1. Poly(tetramethylene succinate) (PTeMS) has the same structure with PBS, but different CAS number.

Other lowmolecular weight reagents such as chain extenders or crosslinking agents may be added during the polyaddition process. As polyol components used as raw materials of biobased polyurethanes (bio-based PUs), there are used polyether and polyester polyols derived from natural resources. Polyether polyols are produced from sucrose, glucose, fructose, and glycerol. Polyester polyols are made from diacids and di- or tri-functional polyols. Suitable diacids include adipic acid, succinic acid, azelaic acid, and glutaric acid, etc.

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Biopolymers : applications and trends by Michael Niaounakis
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