Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe by David R. Marples

By David R. Marples

Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear disaster examines the vital results of Soviet rule on Belarus because the prelude to a close research of the scientific and social effects of the nuclear twist of fate at Chernobyl. It areas those difficulties into the modern political context and assesses the facility of the newly-independent country to house a catastrophe of such dimensions.

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Kasperovich illustrated this process in a notably frank article in 1985. He observed that the city life style compared to village existence plays a major role in the formation of a unique Communist way of life. Cities also play a part in cultural exchange between the peoples of the USSR and the dissemination of internationalist views, all of which was considered laudatory. However, he added, there are some dark sides to this process. ' The situation in Belarus, in his view, was brought about less by the Soviet authorities than by past waves of migration that brought Russians and other groups into Belarusian territories (in the case of the Russians in the lateeighteenth and nineteenth centuries).

The majority of farms insufficiently used the achievements of science, and the experience of progressive workers was introduced weakly. 72 Belarusian agriculture, in truth, never recovered from the effects of the war, and state policy which neglected its welfare to an extraordinary degree. For the authorities, postwar recovery lay in the development of the city and in city industries. Belarus's future had been clearly mapped out as an industrial repository of the Soviet borderlands. 73 Indeed by the 1960s, even the Soviet authorities felt obliged to address the question of whether cities in the republic were being developed too rapidly.

The above statement is not intended to question the resilience and achievements of the partisans, which are beyond question. The intention is to emphasize the hyperbole that continues to surround the movement. Belarus suffered greatly from the war. 2 million residents of Belarus, while a further 380 000 were sent as Ostarbeiter to Germany (mainly women and young adults). 66 Such an orgy of destruction is hard to imagine and it is conceivable that the large-scale battles on the territory of Belarus would have accounted for some of the losses cited above.

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Belarus: From Soviet Rule to Nuclear Catastrophe by David R. Marples
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