By Peter R. Lavoy
The 1999 clash among India and Pakistan close to the city of Kargil in contested Kashmir was once the 1st army conflict among nuclear-armed powers because the 1969 Sino-Soviet battle. Kargil was once a landmark occasion no longer due to its period or casualties, yet since it contained a truly genuine threat of nuclear escalation. until eventually the Kargil clash, educational and coverage debates over nuclear deterrence and proliferation happened principally at the theoretical point. This deep research of the clash bargains students and policymakers a unprecedented account of the way nuclear-armed states have interaction in the course of army concern. Written via analysts from India, Pakistan, and the us, this exact publication attracts commonly on fundamental resources, together with remarkable entry to Indian, Pakistani, and U.S. govt officers and armed forces officials who have been actively excited by the clash. this can be the 1st rigorous and aim account of the factors, behavior, and effects of the Kargil clash.
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Additional resources for Asymmetric warfare in South Asia: the causes and consequences of the Kargil Conflict
Shelling and small-arms ﬁre from India’s dominant positions on the eastern bank of the Neelum River blocked civilian and military resupply to Pakistani positions. Pakistan’s 10 Corps, which has operational control over most of the LoC, sought to mitigate the interdiction of the Neelum Valley by returning the favor in areas where Indian lines of communication were vulnerable – most notably, along the Srinagar–Leh highway (NH-1A) near the towns of Kargil and Dras. The Kashmir conﬂict entered a dangerous new phase when India conducted a series of nuclear explosive tests on 11 and 13 May 1998 in the western state of Rajasthan.
On Indian and Pakistani signaling behavior during the 2002 crisis, see Rahul Roy-Chaudhury, “Nuclear Doctrine, Declaratory Policy, and Escalation Control,” in Escalation Control and the Nuclear Option in South Asia, ed. Michael Krepon, Rodney W. Jones, and Ziad Haider (Washington, DC: Henry L. Stimson Center, 2004), 101–118. 32 Peter R. 73 Gill (chapter 4) and I (chapter 7) further observe that continuous contact between the Indian and Pakistani governments through formal and informal channels played an important role in the military restraint displayed by each combatant.
What the Pakistan leadership did not foresee, either in 1965 or in 1999, was India’s determination to “conventionalize” the unconventional conﬂict. 60 Will Pakistani defense planners modify their military plans after Kargil to minimize the risk of escalation, or are they condemned to repeat the strategic mistakes of 1965 and 1999? This important question is discussed throughout the book. Mutual misunderstanding and the security dilemma The Kargil conﬂict does not make sense without an appreciation of the deteriorating security dilemma in South Asia during the 1990s.
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