Analysis and Modelling of Water Supply and Demand Under by Katharina Fricke (auth.)

By Katharina Fricke (auth.)

Located in a slender grassland hall among the semi-desert and a mountain diversity in Northwest China, the study zone Urumqi quarter is regardless of its semi-arid weather in a comparatively beneficial hydrological scenario. The within reach mountains supply water for settlements and agriculture, making human improvement attainable within the first position. because of the improvement of agriculture, inhabitants and economic system over the past sixty years and the expanding water intake, a requirement- and population-driven water shortage exists at the present time and is anticipated to worsen. whilst, the results of weather swap and land use ameliorations at the hydrological approach and the water availability are doubtful. This examine evaluates the new and destiny scenario by means of combining a hydrological water stability version for the simulation of the water provide in accordance with eventualities of weather and land use swap with a socio-economic version for projecting the long run water call for together with estimated development of inhabitants and economy.

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Although the external water supply is large, water consumption is high and the overall consumption rate of the available water resources is 74 %. The amount of surface and groundwater consumed is almost the same, but due to the different supply, the consumption rate of the more easily accessible surface water is 89 % and significantly higher than the one of groundwater (62 %). The largest water consumer is agriculture with 65 %, followed by households with 23 % and industry with only 12 % despite the high Fig.

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Analysis and Modelling of Water Supply and Demand Under by Katharina Fricke (auth.)
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