American English File (Workbook 1) by Clive Oxenden, Christina Latham-Koenig, Paul Seligson

By Clive Oxenden, Christina Latham-Koenig, Paul Seligson

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American English File will get scholars speaking due to its distinctive and confirmed formulation combining confidence-building, chance, and motivation. High-interest content material is prepared in energetic, available classes, utilizing humor and mind's eye to motivate scholars to speak and luxuriate in studying English. good grammar, vocabulary, and pronunciation beginning rigorously helps the paintings with the 4 talents and steadily builds students' self assurance and function in English.

The Workbook is helping scholars to review extra successfully, with transparent hyperlinks to the scholar e-book and the Students' site.

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Extra info for American English File (Workbook 1)

Sample text

I could see the smoke coming out of his ears—I thought his hat would catch fire! The understanding of this sentence in addition requires the understanding of how the notion of intensity is conceptualized in the network (see earlier): A submapping of the anger is heat metaphor is intensity of emotion is degree of heat. ” The notion of “hat” emerges as we run Meaning Making Source Domain: (Input 1) Hot fluid in a container Target Domain: (Input 2) Angry person ears smoke The Blend I could see smoke coming out of his ears...

The metaphors such as heaven is an ideal physical place, causation is progeneration, and providence is nurturance are based on the source domain schematized into the target; the target is a schematic version of the source, where the specific rich imagery of the source is bleached out. In sum, some metaphors can emerge from schematization via a metonymic process. Conceptual Integration To see what conceptual integration, or blending, involves, we can take an example from a well-known metaphor: anger is a hot fluid in a container (see Kövecses, 1986, 1990; Lakoff, 1987; Lakoff and Kövecses, 1987).

Under a strict conceptual-metaphor-theory analysis, the target domain would be a static frame, or scene, consisting of the road, the valley, and the direction through. , through) to the valley. We would expect the following mappings, or correspondences to apply (DS = Dynamic Source, ST = Static Target): DS road DS valley DS through DS motion DS moving entity → → → → → ST road ST valley ST through ? But there are two problems with this analysis, as indicated by the incomplete mappings (with the question marks).

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American English File (Workbook 1) by Clive Oxenden, Christina Latham-Koenig, Paul Seligson
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