Alcohol in America : taking action to prevent abuse by Steven Olsen; Dean R Gerstein

By Steven Olsen; Dean R Gerstein

Alcohol is a killer. one among each 13 deaths within the usa is alcohol-related. This ebook takes a glance on the challenge, and comes in handy for these within the alcoholism prevention enterprise. it's also aimed toward counselors, politicians, judges, doctors, and cops during the nation.

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Extra resources for Alcohol in America : taking action to prevent abuse

Sample text

In the first year of the act, the percentage of drivers killed who were legally drunk dropped from 27 percent to 17 percent. These general trends mask several specific changes in British drinking practices. Research showed that the act did not significantly change the amount people in Britain drank. Rather, the act seems to have affected a very narrow slice of behavior—the custom of driving to and from pubs, especially on weekend nights. After the act took effect, many regular customers took to walking to pubs.

In fact, the offense is drunken driving. Many people who drink and drive are not legally intoxicated, though their driving may be impaired. If these people knew how much a person had to drink to be convicted, they might be more willing to convict others of the crime. To be considered intoxicated in most states, a person who has not recently eaten typically has to have four to five drinks within an hour (although this amount varies greatly for different people). 15 percent, which would require a small person to consume six to seven drinks in an hour on an empty stomach.

Clearly, laws against drunk driving, enforced by the police and adjudicated by the courts, must play a leading role in the effort to keep people from driving while drunk. But legal action alone cannot solve the problem. Many other strategies also have the potential to significantly reduce drunk driving. Together with the law, these strategies can have a major effect. There can be no question that alcohol is a major contributor to the problem of traffic safety in the United States. In about half of the 44,000 fatalities caused by traffic accidents in 1984, the drivers or other people killed in the accident had alcohol in their blood (see Figure 3-1).

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Alcohol in America : taking action to prevent abuse by Steven Olsen; Dean R Gerstein
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