Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Vol. 2, The by Andre Wink

By Andre Wink

Quantity 2 this can be the second one of a projected sequence of 5 volumes facing the growth of Islam in al-Hind, or South and Southeast Asia. whereas the former quantity coated the 7th-11th centuries, this new quantity bargains mostly with the Islamic conquest of the 11th-13th centuries. The ebook additionally presents an research of the newly rising organizational kinds of the Indo-Islamic nation in those centuries, migration styles which constructed among the center East, valuable Asia and South Asia, maritime advancements within the Indian Ocean, and non secular switch. The comparative and world-historical viewpoint that's complicated right here at the dynamic interplay among nomadic and agricultural societies should still make it of curiosity to all historians desirous about Asia during this interval.

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94. Baluchistan District Gazetteer, VIII, Las Bela (Allahabad, 1907), p. 44; M. Longworth-Dames, The Baloch Race (London, 1904), p. 13. 91 Stein, Riijataranginz, IV, 131-64; AI-Hind, I, pp. 239, 243. 92 AI-Hind, I, p. 244. 93 A1-Biruni, Kitiib ai-Hind, p. 486. 94 IV, 167. 96 These are the Tukhiiriis of other Sanskrit authors, the Toeharoi or Toehari of the Greeks and Romans, considered to be a branch of the Yuehchih which gave its name to the Upper Oxus valley, including Balkh and Badakhshan. Lalitaditya's minister Cankuna (probably Chinese Tsiang-kiun, 'general') came from the Tukhara countrythe Tukharistan of the early Muslim authors-and this establishes the likelihood that he was Turkish, as by this time the region was inhabited by Turks.

234. 73 Cf. Frye and Sayili, 'Turks in the Middle East', p. 199. 74 TN, pp. 151-2. 75 Cf. Bosworth, 'Coming of the Turks', p. 3; Frye and Sayili, 'Turks in the Middle East', pp. 194-207. 78 But here, again, it is by no means sure that we are dealing with Turks. More likely, they are the remains of earlier Shaka, Kushana and Hephthalite invasions, as can probably be said about the 2000 'Ghuzz Turk' slaves that the Arab governors of Khurasan stipulated as annual tribute from the Kabul Shah. These 'Khalaj Turks' from Ghazna were to be found in the Ghaznavid armies, and later also served the Ghurids, as well as the Slave Kings, finally producing a ruling dynasty of their own around 1290 AD, the Khal~jl dynasty of Delhi.

Kwanten, Imperial Nomads: A History of Central Asia, 500-1500 (Philadelphia, 1979), p. 18. , pp. 20, 32; C. I. Beckwith, 'Aspects of the Early History of the Central Asian Guard Corps in Islam', Archivum Eurasiae Medii Aevi, IV (1984), p. 32; Golden, 'Imperial Ideology', pp. 86. 45 46 THE COMING OF THE TURKS 63 'Iron gates' were to mark the borders of the Turkish empire, and swords passed as currency. Connected with the belief in the magical power of fire, the association with smithing clearly had 'shamanic' connotations, with the smith ranking immediately below the shaman himself.

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Al-Hind: The Making of the Indo-Islamic World, Vol. 2, The by Andre Wink
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