By Candice Lewis Bredbenner
In 1907, the government declared that any American lady marrying a foreigner needed to imagine the nationality of her husband, and thereby denationalized millions of yank ladies. This hugely unique learn follows the dramatic diversifications in women's nationality rights, citizenship legislation, and immigration coverage within the usa through the overdue revolutionary and interwar years, putting the historical past and effect of "derivative citizenship" in the large context of the women's suffrage move. Making amazing use of fundamental resources, and using unique records from many best women's reform agencies, govt enterprises, Congressional hearings, and federal litigation related to women's naturalization and expatriation, Candice Bredbenner presents a clean modern feminist viewpoint on key ancient, political, and criminal debates with regards to citizenship, nationality, political empowerment, and their implications for women's criminal prestige within the usa. This attention-grabbing and well-constructed account contributes profoundly to an enormous yet little-understood point of the women's rights move in twentieth-century the USA.
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Additional info for A Nationality of Her Own: Women, Marriage, and the Law of Citizenship
This was not the case; rather, as the law's other provisions make clear, Congress was responding to a general demand from inside and outside the government to enact restrictive nationality and immigration laws. The motives behind the introduction of this expatriation act were diverse, encompassing policy concerns relating to immigration control, dual citizenship, and naturalization, as well as the more nebulous matter of women's patriotism. The basic objective of the Expatriation Act of 1907 was a reduction in the number of Americans who, in the eyes of the federal government, had compromised their citizenship status by maintaining or establishing foreign ties of some type.
Women Are Wonderful. : Riverside Press, 1956), 50, 51, 146. ― 64 ― Woman's rights groups were uncharacteristically unprepared to thwart this major legislative move by their national government. Perhaps they did not try to shield titled women from these blasts of opprobrium because they silently condoned the women's indictment. In fairness to this group of politically astute and organized women, although they failed to register their complaints before the policy's placement in the statute books, there was also no evidence of a popular drive to introduce marital expatriation.
Native-born women married to aliens wanted to fulfill the responsibilities of American citizenship, but the Expatriation Act of 1907 blocked their advance. This emphasis on the duties rather than the privileges of citi House Hearings, Relative to Citizenship of American Women Married to Foreigners , 33. For a newspaper report on this problem, read "Your American Citizenship Is Yours until You Marry the Handsome Foreigner," New York Evening Sun , 28 Aug. 1917. The National Women's Trade Union League did support the bill, although no representative from that organization appeared at the hearing.
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