By Paul Dimeo
This ebook deals a brand new heritage of drug use in recreation. It argues that the belief of popping up to augment functionality has no longer continually been the main issue or ‘evil’ we now imagine it truly is. as an alternative, the late nineteenth century was once a time of a few experimentation and innovation principally unhindered via speak of dishonest or well-being dangers. through the interwar interval, experiments have been modernised within the new laboratories of workout physiologists. nonetheless there has been little or no feel that this used to be opposite to the ethics or spirit of activity. activities, medicinal drugs and technology have been heavily associated for over part a century. the second one international War provided the impetus for either elevated use of substances and the emergence of an anti-doping reaction. by means of the tip of the Fifties a brand new framework of ethics was once being imposed at the medicinal drugs query that built doping in hugely emotive phrases as an ‘evil’. along this emerged the technological know-how and procedural paperwork of checking out. The years as much as 1976 laid the rules for 4 a long time of anti-doping. This publication bargains an in depth and significant figuring out of who was once concerned, what they have been attempting to in achieving, why they set approximately this job and the context within which they labored. by means of doing so, it reconsiders the vintage dichotomy of ‘good anti-doping’ up opposed to ‘evil doping’. Winner of the 2007 Lord Aberdare Literary Prize for the simplest booklet in British activities historical past.
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Additional info for A History of Drug Use in Sport: 1876-1976: Beyond Good and Evil
The media ran regular stories linking the drug to vice and crime. Prostitutes were said to be addicts, violence and murder fuelled by cocaine highs, especially in the black working-class communities. Thus ‘the resentment of criminal and minority users combined with the fear that thousands of impressionable young men were ruining their lives with a cheap and accessible drug’ (Courtwright 1995: 213) produced both a public outcry and legal response. The irony of this connection was that if workers were introduced to cocaine by their employers in New Orleans and other Southern docks, then it was the 32 A history of drug use in sport desire to relieve fatigue in work that contributed to wider addiction and social problems.
Team sports in particular were the products of urban, industrial societies, sponsored by factory owners to keep workers healthy, and encouraged by governments as a more acceptable leisure time activity than drinking alcohol. The late Victorians transformed working-class sport with a view to making it more rational, orderly, less violent and more socially acceptable (Holt 1992). In Europe and America religious organisations used sport as a means of channelling the energies of young people. And in the colonies, sport was a means of disciplining the indigenous people, improving their health so they could help improve their societies.
However, one of the purposes of this confirmation process was to validate the claims made by ‘the Proprietors of Dr Tibbles’ Vi-Cocoa’ that it ‘builds up strength and vigour by imparting nourishment’ (The Times, 10 December 1897). This drink used kola and was marketed as ‘cheap’, ‘palatable’ and available to ‘all classes from the highest to the lowest’. It acted to ‘restore bodily vigour in whatever way jadedness or fatigue is brought about, and at the same time raise drooping spirits, and thus promotes the happiness of the people generally’ (Morning Post, 29 November 1897).
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